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Information

Information about the procedure for crossing the state border of the Russian Federation

To enter the Russian Federation, you must have a valid passport.

Exceptions:

  • Holders of a Certificate of Return to the Russian Federation (Certificate du Repatriation) issued to citizens of the Russian Federation.

  • Holders of a German Identity Card (Kinderausweis) issued to children 15 years of age and under containing the holder's photo. A photo is not mandatory for children under 10 years of age.

  • Holders of a seafarer's passport traveling for service.

  • Holders of a travel document (Laissez-Passer) issued by the United Nations or various States with valid documents and confirmed tickets for travel to a third country.

  • Holders of documents of a stateless person or a refugee issued by the States in which they reside.

Passport validity period:

  • The passport or its replacement document must be valid at the time of arrival in the Russian Federation.

  • It is possible to enter with an expired passport of a citizen of the Russian Federation. However, when arriving with such a passport, the passenger will have to pay a fine.

Aircraft crew members:

  • The requirements are identical to the entry rules for ordinary passengers. In addition, a general declaration is required.

Military personnel:

  • The requirements are identical to the entry rules for ordinary passengers.

Additional information

For citizens of the Russian Federation:

  • Persons with dual citizenship shall enter the Russian Federation and leave the Russian Federation using the same document.

  • Departure from the Russian Federation using an expired passport is prohibited.

Children:

  • Russian children under the age of 18 who leave the Russian Federation without an accompanying person must have a notarized power of attorney in Russian confirming the permission to leave the Russian Federation. The same requirements apply to children who do not live in Russia but have a Russian passport.

Visa

Visa is required.

Exempt from obtaining a visa:

  • Citizens of the Russian Federation.

  • Citizens of CIS countries, with the exception of citizens of Georgia and Turkmenistan.

  • Citizens of Mongolia who arrive for business purposes and have the appropriate confirmation, or for tourist purposes and have a hotel voucher, or on a private visit at the invitation of a resident of the Russian Federation.

For up to 90 days:

  • Holders of ordinary passports of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela;

  • Holders of ordinary Israeli passports traveling for the purpose of tourism or as guests;

  • Holders of consular, diplomatic, official, or special passports of Panama;

  • Holders of consular, diplomatic, or official passports of Guatemala;

  • Holders of diplomatic, official, or special passports of Ecuador;

  • Holders of diplomatic, service, or special passports of Turkey;

  • Holders of diplomatic, official, or service passports of Argentina, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Egypt, Guinea, India, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, the Republic of Korea, Mexico, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Philippines, Slovakia, South Africa, and Thailand;

  • Holders of diplomatic or official passports of Brazil, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Jamaica, Pakistan, Paraguay, and Uruguay;

  • Holders of diplomatic or service passports of Albania, Angola, Benin, Bulgaria, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Gabon, Hungary, Indonesia, Mali, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Peru, Venezuela, Vietnam, and Zimbabwe;

  • Holders of diplomatic passports of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guyana, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland.

For up to 30 days:

  • Citizens of Cuba;

  • Thai citizens traveling for the purpose of tourism;

  • Holders of ordinary passports of Montenegro, Serbia, and Turkey;

  • Macao passport holders (Special Administrative Region of China);

  • Holders of ordinary Croatian passports, subject to the availability of an original hotel voucher together with a copy of confirmation issued by a Russian travel agency, or an invitation issued by the immigration authorities of the Russian Federation;

  • Holders of diplomatic passports of the People's Republic of China;

  • Holders of diplomatic, service, or special passports of Syria.

For up to 14 days:

  • Hong Kong passport holders (Special Administrative Region of China);

  • Holders of diplomatic, official, or service passports of Brunei Darussalam;

  • Holders of ordinary passports of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia (FYROM), provided that they are traveling:

    1. For business purposes and with an original invitation for a period of up to 90 days;

    2. For tourism purposes and with an original voucher and confirmation from a Russian tour operator for a period of up to 30 days.

  • Holders of diplomatic, official, service, or special passports of Iran and Romania;

  • Holders of diplomatic or service passports of Cambodia, Croatia, Macedonia (FYROM), Serbia, and Turkmenistan;

  • Holders of foreign passports (non-citizen passports) issued by Latvia or Estonia, including children specified in the document;

  • For a period of up to 15 days, citizens of the People's Republic of China traveling for the purpose of tourism as part of a group organized by an authorized travel agent;

  • Holders of a (temporary) residence permit issued by the Russian Federation to citizens of Germany, Italy, or Poland;

  • Citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina who transit through the territory of the Russian Federation to third countries for a period of up to seven days.

Transit without visa (TWOV)

Holders of tickets for a connecting flight are entitled to visa-free transit for up to 24 hours:

  • Visa-free transit does not apply when traveling to/from Belarus.

  • Visa-free transit does not apply to passengers traveling to the airports of the Crimean Peninsula. They must pass through immigration and customs control.

If the airport of destination differs from the airport of departure within the same city, or if a transfer between terminals is required, then a transit visa of the Russian Federation is required.

Merchant seamen:

  • A visa is not required for citizens of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Cuba, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, North Korea, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.

  • Merchant seamen arriving by plane to transfer to a ship, or arriving by ship to transfer to an aircraft, must travel on service and present a letter of guarantee from the shipowner.

Aircraft crew members:

  • No visa is required for crew members of airlines that have agreements with the Government of the Russian Federation regarding visa-free entry for crew members, as well as for crew members whose citizenship is mentioned in the section on visa exemptions for holders of ordinary passports.

Military personnel:

  • The requirements are identical to the entry rules for ordinary passengers.

  • The maximum allowed duration of stay is 90 days during a 180-day period for holders of ordinary passports of Guatemala, Peru, Turkey, and Uruguay.

  • Passengers must have the documents required for their next destination. Exceptions are citizens of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, the Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.

  • Holders of a valid visa are an exception.

  • Passengers are strongly advised to have an insurance policy to cover any medical expenses.

  • The duration of stay can be extended for 14 days for citizens of Brunei who are holders of diplomatic, service, or official passports.

  • The maximum allowed duration of stay is 90 days during a 180-day period for holders of diplomatic passports of Denmark, Norway, and Switzerland.

Please note!

  • Passengers who do not have a return/connecting flight ticket may be denied entry. Exceptions are citizens of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, the Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.

  • Holders of a valid visa are an exception.

Information for passengers flying to European countries

On July 19, 2013, an amendment to the rules of entry into European countries was introduced. In accordance with this amendment, citizens of all countries outside the Schengen Agreement must have a passport valid for at least three months after the planned end of the trip (previously, this rule was only valid for Greece, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, and the Netherlands) at the time of entry into the country.

Passengers traveling to Germany must have a valid passport that must be signed by its holder. For citizens of visa-free countries, entry to Germany is possible with a single-entry visa issued only by the German Embassy. Single entry to Germany with a Schengen visa issued by another state of the Schengen Area is not automatically impossible. However, if the German Federal Police discovers during the border control procedure that the purpose of the trip is not in the territory of the state that issued the visa but in Germany, then the traveler may be refused entry, since in this case the visa should have been issued by a German representative office. Each case is considered on an individual basis.

With a multiple-entry visa, the first entry must be to the country that issued the visa. After that, passengers with multiple-entry visas can enter the territory of any country in the Schengen Area. The carrier reserves the right to refuse the passenger transportation for failure to comply with the above requirements. These provisions relate to entry into the country and apply to passengers who have tickets for Russia–Germany–Russia, a visa issued by the consulate of a country other than Germany, and do not have proof of transit through the territory of Germany. This information does not apply to transit passengers traveling through cities in Germany to other European countries.

It is possible to enter Bulgaria or Latvia with a Schengen visa in a fully completed passport (which does not have any blank pages for visas and stamps) if a new, valid passport is available. The completed passport must not be expired. Otherwise, the visa in the "old" passport will be considered invalid.

To ensure the safety of baggage of passengers departing on Aeroflot flights from Greece, the carriage of oils exceeding one liter in their baggage is only permitted if the packaging protects the contents, i.e. additional special hard packaging (not cardboard).

To enter the territory of the Republic of Cyprus, citizens of Russia and Ukraine only need to present a valid passport, a Cyprus visa or a pro-visa that is valid for a single entry (can be obtained on the Embassy's website: http://www.mfa.gov.cy/mfa/embassies/moscowembassy.nsf/dmlindex_ol/dmlindex_ol?opendocument).

Third-country nationals in possession of a valid double or multiple-entry type C Schengen visa who have already entered the Schengen area in accordance with the terms of their issued Schengen visas, have the right to enter and stay in the Republic of Cyprus without a national visa for a period equal to the remaining duration of stay as provided by the issued visa, but not exceeding the validity period of that visa.

Information for passengers flying to the United Kingdom

On December 1, 2014, new rules for the transit of passengers through the territory of the United Kingdom came into force:

  • Citizens of the Russian Federation and other countries that have visa relations with the United Kingdom, when traveling to Ireland, the Channel Islands, or the Isle of Man (the Common Travel Area) pass immigration control and go landside. They must have a UK transit visa.

  • Transit without changing airport or going landside for all transit passengers is only possible until 11:59 p.m. on the same day. When transiting without changing the airport, Russian citizens do not need a visa.

  • Transit that involves going landside for citizens of visa countries, including the Russian Federation, is possible until 11:59 p.m. of the following day, provided that they have a UK transit visa, with the exception of holders of one of the following documents:

  • a valid visa for Australia, Canada, New Zealand, or the United States, even if these countries are not part of the passenger's itinerary;

  • a valid residence permit for Australia, New Zealand, or Canada (issued after June 28, 2002);

  • a U.S. residence permit issued after April 21, 1998:

  • a valid I-551 Permanent Resident Card (ADIT stamp is not accepted);
  • an expired I-551 Permanent Resident Card with a form I-797 extension letter;
  • an immigrant visa form 155A/155B attached to a sealed envelope;
  • a residence permit of a member State of the European Economic Area or Switzerland;

  • a Category D visa issued by a member State of the European Economic Area or Switzerland;

  • a biometric visa of Ireland marked BC or BIVS (allows transit to a country that is not a member of the Common Travel Area);

  • a Schengen visa marked ADS, provided that the passenger is traveling to the issuing country;

  • an air ticket for departure from the Schengen Area, provided that its holder can confirm the fact of his/her arrival with an ADS visa no more than 30 days ago.

Children under the age of 18 flying to the United Kingdom on an "ACCOMPANIED" visa must be accompanied only by the person whose name or passport number is indicated on the visa. If they are accompanied by another person, the child's visa will be invalid.

Information for passengers flying to Turkey

Since January 1, 2015, the requirements for the validity period of passports of passengers flying to Turkey have changed:

  • Passports of citizens of the Russian Federation who are entitled to visa-free travel to Turkey for 60 days must be valid for at least 120 days from the moment of entry into the territory of the Republic of Turkey.

  • Passports of citizens of Belarus who are entitled to visa-free travel to Turkey for 30 days must be valid for at least 90 days from the moment of entry into the territory of the Republic of Turkey.

  • The validity period of passports of citizens of all countries (except Turkey, Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg, Spain, France, Switzerland) should be calculated according to the formula: the maximum allowed period of stay without a visa or the visa expiration date plus 60 days.

  • Citizens of Turkey, Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg, Spain, France, and Switzerland can enter with expired passports.

  • The documents of passengers who have a Turkish residence permit must be valid at the time of entry into the country.

Information for passengers flying to/from/via the United States

The U.S. Transportation Security Administration (TSA) requires the provision of all personal data, such as full name, date of birth, and gender in order to process passenger lists in accordance with the laws of the United States. You can also provide information about previous checks—Redress Number (if available).

Failure to provide true information (full name, date of birth, gender) may result in refusal of transportation or refusal to enter the boarding area. TSA reserves the right to share this information with other U.S. authorities. For more information, please visit the website of the U.S. Transportation Security Administration (TSA) www.tsa.gov.

Passengers traveling to the United States on tourist or business trips for up to 90 days do not need a visa if they are nationals of countries participating in the Visa Waiver Program. Before traveling to the United States, these passengers must register with the Electronic Travel Authorization System (ESTA). Under the ESTA terms, citizens of these countries must obtain an electronic entry permit on the website of the United States Department of Homeland Security: https://esta.cbp.dhs.gov/esta/.

Citizens of countries participating in the United States Visa Waiver Program who have not obtained approval to enter the United States via the ESTA system will be denied boarding an aircraft bound for the United States.

If you intend to transport firearms in checked baggage, you must not print out and attach baggage tags to the baggage yourself, but you should contact the registration agent for the proper performance of declaration procedures.

Entry regulations for Japan

In order to prevent terrorism, the Ministry of Justice of Japan amended the "Law on Immigration Control and Refugee Status" in November 2007.

From the moment the Law came into force, all foreign citizens entering Japan are required to be fingerprinted and photographed (front view) while passing through immigration control at the airport of destination.

In addition, arriving passengers may be required to undergo a brief interview. Foreign citizens who refuse to undergo the above procedures will be prohibited from entering Japan.

The entry requirements do not apply to children under the age of 16; permanent Japanese residents; persons obtaining permanent resident status; and diplomats and government representatives of other countries arriving on official visits.

Information for passengers flying to India

In accordance with the existing Guidelines issued by the Department of Telecommunications (DoT), Government of India, foreign nationals may only import and use Inmarsat Satphone satellite phones (excluding the BGAN system) if they have a permission issued by the Department of Telecommunications (DoT), Government of India.

Satellite phones carried in the passenger's baggage/carry-on baggage without the appropriate permission from the Department of Telecommunications will be confiscated until such permission is granted.

All persons sending goods to India must complete a declaration with a detailed description of the imported goods and submit it to the Customs Service at the first point of entry.


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